2018-06-26: According to local health officials and the World Health Organization (WHO), the first outbreak of polio in Papua New Guinea has been reported for 18 years. The confirmed case is a six-year-old in Morobe province.
Polio: Polio is a febrile illness caused by enteroviruses. There are three different pathogens. The viruses affect the gray cells of the brain, preferring those cells responsible for volitional movements which then can result in paralysis. People infect themselves via contagious food, rarely via droplets. After an incubation period of 7-14 days, symptoms like fever, head ache and growing pains, nausea, vomitting and digestion problems appear. If the virus reaches the central nervous system, the resulting 'paralytic poliomyelitis' leads to limp and asymmetrical paralysis. As soon as the diaphragm is affected, breathing arrest is the consequence. The risk of this form of polio is higher in old age, but rare with children.